Arts and Crafts

414 Union Street

414 Union Street

1885–c. 1918

The Arts and Crafts movement abandoned the elaborate exuberance of Queen Anne style in favor of simplicity and harmony with nature. Whereas Queen Anne style emphasized diversity in materials and textures, Art and Crafts style stressed unity of surface and texture, along with the use of local building materials in their natural colors.

A popular Arts and Crafts style in the Northeast was the American foursquare, which is related to Frank Lloyd Wright’s Prairie box. The house consists of a simple two-story square or rectangular brick frame with a broad pyramidal hip roof with overhanging eaves. There are often dormers in each side of the roof and a front porch, which may extend the width of the façade. Horizontal lines are emphasized by the eaves, the cornices, and the façade detailing.

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